In details

The great diversity of ecosystems


Natural Ecosystems - forests, forests, deserts, meadows, rivers, oceans, etc.
Artificial Ecosystems -
built by man: weirs, aquariums, plantations, etc.

Given the physical environment, the following should be considered:

  • Terrestrial Ecosystems
  • Aquatic Ecosystems

When we look at a landscape from anywhere, we notice discontinuities - river banks, woodland boundaries, field borders, and so on. which we often use to delimit various ecosystems more or less defined by the particular aspects of the flora that develops there. However, when passing, for example, from a forest to a prairie, the trees do not disappear abruptly; there is almost always a transition zonewhere trees are becoming less and less abundant. Thus, it is possible, for lack of well-defined boundaries and impassable boundaries, to consider all the ecosystems of our planet as part of a huge ecosystem called ecosphere. This gigantic ecosystem is made up of all living things that together make up the biosphere and surface area of ​​the earth they inhabit and which represents its biotope. That is:

BIOSPHERE + EARTH SURFACE ZONE = ECOSPHERE

But just as it is possible to associate all ecosystems in one huge dimension - the ecosphere - it is also possible to delimit, in the various climatic zones, characteristic ecosystems known as biomes, characterized by the Latitude factor. In turn, in each biome, it is possible to delimit other smaller ecosystems.

Biome It is conceptualized on the map as a set of life (plant and animal) consisting of the grouping of contiguous and identifiable vegetation types on a regional scale, with similar geoclimatic conditions and shared history of change, resulting in its own biological diversity.