Mumps is an infectious disease caused by the virus. Paramyxovirus, which causes not only inflammation in the parotids, but also in the submaxillary and sublingual glands. Most often, the infection manifests itself in childhood, the winter months, and early spring.
Transmission occurs through direct contact with the upper airway secretions of the infected person, from two days before to nine days after the onset of symptoms.
Rare cases of mumps virus reinfection are rare. In general, once infected, the person acquires immunity against the disease. However, if the infection has manifested only on one side, the other may be affected on another occasion.
Symptoms usually appear 12 to 25 days after infection. The glands become swollen, visible through the neck just below the ear, and painful. It also causes headache, muscle aches, weakness, fever, chills and pain when chewing or swallowing. In male cases orchitis may occur, ie inflammation of the testis and in female cases oophoritis, ie inflammation of the ovaries. In some cases meningitis may occur, the sequelae may be decreased hearing ability and sterility.
The diagnosis is basically clinical. However, there are blood tests that help identify the presence of antibodies against the mumps virus. They should be performed when it is necessary to establish the diagnosis of certainty.
Prevention and treatment
The mumps vaccine is produced with the live attenuated virus of the disease and is part of the Basic Vaccination Schedule. It can be applied alone. However, it is usually associated with measles and rubella vaccines. The three joints make up the triple viral vaccine. The first dose should be given at twelve months and the second between 4 and 6 years.
With the exception of immunosuppressed and pregnant women, adults who were not infected or vaccinated in childhood and adolescence should be immunized.
The mumps have no treatment, the body itself takes care of resolving the infection. Treatment is to relieve symptoms with the use of painkillers and rest.
- do not self-medicate or medicate the child before consulting a doctor and have a sure diagnosis of mumps, a condition also known as infectious parotitis or mumps;
- keep the patient at rest until the symptoms have disappeared;
- offer her liquid or pasty foods that are easier to swallow;
- Remember: Adults who have not been vaccinated or have not had the disease can become infected with the mumps virus and should therefore be vaccinated;
- attention women who have never had mumps or taken the vaccine. Look for a post to be vaccinated before you get pregnant. In pregnancy, the disease can cause miscarriage.