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Pigeons and diseases


Do you think pigeons are nice animals? Did you know that the white dove is a bird considered a symbol of peace? Perhaps what you do not know is that pigeons can pose serious health risks to the population.

Many people like to feed them with pieces of bread, leftover food, popcorn, which are inappropriate foods that addict animals and harm their health. Pigeons are hardly hunted by other animals, so their population grows very fast.

They usually live in buildings, nesting on roofs, ceilings, air conditioning boxes, sunrooms, etc. But in addition to causing damage by damaging the structures of buildings, they have become a serious health problem, causing serious illness, which can lead to death or leave sequelae.


Pigeons bring dangers to public health

Pigeon Diseases

Among these diseases, we can mention:

- cryptococcosis: transmitted by inhalation of dust containing dried pigeon droppings. It compromises the lung and can affect the central nervous system, causing allergies, deep ringworm and even subacute or chronic meningitis.

- dermatitis: parasitosis caused by pigeon lice, which causes skin rashes and itch-like itching.

- histoplasmosis: disease caused by fungi that proliferate in the feces of birds and bats. Contamination to humans occurs through inhalation of spores (fungal reproductive cells).

- ornithosis: infectious disease caused by bacteria. Contamination to humans occurs through contact with birds carrying the bacteria or their waste.

- salmonellosis: caused by eating eggs or meat contaminated by the bacteria Salmonella spp. present in the droppings of pigeons and other animals. It generates food poisoning with symptoms such as fever, diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal pain.

How long does a pigeon live?

In its natural environment, it can live up to 15, 16 years. However, in the city, usually usually live from 3 to 5 years only.

Protection and control measures

It is very important for our health to control the pigeon population, making them look for more suitable places to live, with proper nutrition and far from the dangers of cities. Among the measures that can contribute to this end are:

- never feed the pigeons.
- Do not leave food leftovers that can be fed to pigeons, such as dog and cat food.
- put screens on balconies, windows and air conditioning boxes.
- plug holes or gaps between walls, roofs and ceilings.
- remove nests and eggs.
- moisten the pigeon feces with disinfectant before sweeping them.
- Wear gloves and a mask to cover the nose and mouth when cleaning the stool.

Also read the article on Only Portuguese: "Dove" or "Pigeon"?