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Summary table


The following table summarizes the main sexually transmitted diseases.

The causative agent, symptoms and prevention modes are listed.

DiseasesCauser agentSymptomsPrevention

Acuminated condyloma

(rooster crest)

HPV Warts formation in the anogenital or cervical region Avoid contact with contaminated persons; use a condom. There are vaccines.
Genital Herpes HSV type 2 (virus) Appearance of vesicles (blisters) typical in the ano-genital region. Avoid self-inoculation, ie prevent - by handling the lesions - the person spreading the causative agent to other locations; avoid contagion through the sexual act.
AIDS HIV (retrovirus) Drop in immunity, weight loss, weakness, fever, ganglia. Appearance of opportunistic infections.

Do not come in contact with HIV-transmitting fluids (blood, sperm, vagina fluid, contaminated breast milk); use condoms regardless of who the partner is; Do not share needles or syringes.

Soft cancer

Haemophilus ducreye (bacterium)

Formation of a wound in the penis or anal region, painful, with clear discharge. It predominates in males. Avoid self-inoculation avoid contagion through carrier partners.
Gonorrhea (blenorrhagia) Neisseria gonorrhoeae Itching, purulent discharge, burning urination, multiple urination (urination several times). It can lead to infertility. Avoid multiple partners; use a condom; in newborns; drip diluted silver nitrate solution into the conjunctiva of the eye.
Syphilis Treponema pallidum (bacterium) Wound covered with clear discharge, with pus (hard cancer), little painful. It can lead to complications in the central nervous system and cardiovascular system. Use condoms regularly, reduce the number of sexual partners; make early diagnosis in women of reproductive age and their partners; perform the VDRL test (for syphilis identification) on women who express their intention to become pregnant.
Trichomoniasis Trichomonas vaginalis (protozoan) Yellowish, fetid vaginal discharge and painful urination. The man is usually asymptomatic carrier. Avoid sexual contact with carriers.
Venerian lymphogranuloma buba "mule" Chlamydia trachomatis At first, vesicles at the bacteria penetration site. Next, the formation of languages ​​(swollen lymph nodes), which develop into a reddish and painful swelling known as "mule". Avoid sexual contact with carriers.

Pubic Pediculosis

(phyriasis)

Phthirus pubis ("boring", an arthropod) Itching (itching), minor injuries (abrasions) and secondary bacterial infections. Avoid contact with carriers and encourage personal hygiene and proper laundry.
Hepatitis B Hepatitis B virus Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eye conjunctiva). Abdominal pain. Hepatical cirrhosis. Hepatic insufficiency. Liver cancer. Avoid sexual contact with carriers. There is a vaccine.
Hepatitis C Hepatitis C virus Jaundice, fever, easy tiredness. It may progress to liver cancer. Avoid sexual contact with carriers. For now, there is no vaccine.