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Flower identification (England, late May)

Flower identification (England, late May)



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I took this photo near Stratford upon Avon by the side of a road. Can anyone identify this flower?


MY guess would be Centranthus ruber coccineus, also known as red valerian. See this picture (from here):


Could be pink allium, considering the thickness of the stem?


Spring Flowering Weeds - May

A problem weed when you’ve got it though not that common in lawns. Prefers meadow type grassland on none acidic soils.

  • Yellow flowers with red streaks hence it’s other name of ‘Bacon and eggs’
  • Forms large clumps with one large main tap root
  • Can be hand weeded if clumps are small and root not too deep
  • Requires repeat treatment with weed killer Scotts Weedol (Verdone) in ready to use form may be the better bet

Annual Plants

Annual plants will have a life cycle of only a year. They grow from seed, bloom, produce seeds and wilt within one growing season. They also can be considered hardy, which means they are equipped for colder temperatures and can be planted outdoors.

Common annual plants, such as maize, peas, petunias, and marigolds make great summer plants which add colour to borders, beds and hanging baskets. Replant them every Spring to interest to any garden. Half-hardy annuals like zinnias and cosmos are more at risk from frost and need protection.

Here’s a list of annual flowers for every season, courtesy of ProFlowers.


Field Biology in Southeastern Ohio

I spend a lot of time posting wildflower pictures, but I think the trees, shrubs, and vines deserve a little time of their own. There are a lot of Heath family or Ericaceae members locally. This is Low Blueberry, Vaccinium pallidum (vacillans). Blueberry flowers are most often found in these urn shapes. Low Blueberry is a small ground cover plant reaching 1-3 feet in height. Look for it on acidic soils.

Looking similar to blueberries, and growing in the same locations, is the Black Huckleberry, Gaylussacia baccata. These 1-2 foot plants produce a dark fruit, but it's usually more bitter tasting than a blueberry. Huckleberries are different than Vaccinium due to gold resin dots which cover the back of the leaves. In our area Black Huckleberry is an indicator species of dry ridgetops.

Another blueberry species is the Deerberry, Vaccinium stamineum. It differs from others in having open petals that are bell shaped rather than urn shaped. If not in flower, look for a pale white, or glaucous coating on the back of the leaves. This and pallidum are the only two blueberries in our immediate area. Just west a couple counties is the larger High-bush Blueberry, V. corymbosum.

As with all of our wild blueberries, the fruit is quite edible.

Our one tree member of the family is Sourwood, Oxydendrum arboreum. Look for these white "wispy" branches during the summer.

Examining the flower shape up close, you can see why Sourwood is a member of this family.

Larger, more open flowers can be found in a different part of the family. This is Great Rhododendron, Rhododendron maximum. Azalea bushes are also species of Rhododendrons.

Even more showy than a Rhododendron (in my opinion), is the Mountain Laurel, Kalmia latifolia. Notice how the stamens stay locked downward, each in their own little hole. When a bee lands in the flower, the stamens shoot forward and cover the insect with a dusting of pollen.

While the blueberry family is dominated by shrubs, the Magnolia trees have very large and showy flowers. This is Chinese or Saucer Magnolia. Although exotic, it is not invasive. It is one of the early spring bloomers commonly planted in lawns.

There is one place in Ohio, Lake Katherine State Nature Preserve, where these two native species can be observed. Umbrella Magnolia, Magnolia tripetala (above) and Big-leaf Magnolia, M. macropylla (below). The flowers can sometimes reach a foot in diameter, and the leaves extend out 2-3 feet in length.

M. acuminata, the Cucumber-tree (not pictured), has the widest range of the true magnolias, but by far the most abundant member of the family in the Eastern Deciduous Forest is the Tulip-tree, Liriodendron tulipifera. Look for these fallen flowers in late spring, especially after a heavy rain. The flower petals stay upright, like that of common tulips. Upright petals in the Magnolia family make it easier for clumsy flying beetles to land and pollinate these. The flowers of this family grow spirally, and the fruits are cone shaped, like that of conifers. They are considered some of the earliest trees to have produced flowering structures.

Another group with showy flowers are the Buckeyes. This is Yellow Buckeye, Aesculus flava. Restricted to southern Ohio, the blooms are yellow with orange in the lips. Notice that the stamens are hidden INSIDE.

Ohio Buckeye, A. glabra, is similar, but this closeup shows that the stamens protrude in this species.

Of course the easiest way to tell them apart is in fruit. Ohio Buckeye has these spiny husks covering the nuts. On Yellow Buckeye the husks are smooth.

The flowers and fruits of Aspens (and Willows) produce cottony seeds on catkins. Here the entire structure fell onto a Musclewood tree. In large numbers these seeds will blow down individually and cover the ground like snow.

Blackhaw, Viburnum prunifolium, produce flat-topped clusters of flowers. They are showy and are excellent for landscaping with native plants. The fruits are tasty and have a raisin flavor.

Pea shaped flowers are typical of the legumes and the families Fabaceae and Caesalpiniaceae. This is Black Locust, Robinia pseudoacacia. If you should walk past this plant and not see it in bloom, your nose will make you stop and take notice. The plant is very aromatic and sweet smelling.

Speaking of aromatic, a very agreeable odor protrudes from Autumn Olive, Elaeagnus umbellata. The smell, edible fruit, and nitrogen fixing roots are all positive aspects of this plant. Too bad is has become one of the ten worst invasive species in Ohio.

Another four petaled plant commonly used in landscaping is the exotic Winged Wahoo, Euonymus alatus. It has escaped and become what some may call 'slightly invasive'. Hmmm, is that anything like - somewhat pregnant? I included it even though my attention was originally drawn to the Assassin Bug hiding behind the flower.

Our native Wahoo, E. atropurpureus, has 4 white lines around the twig. In Winged Wahoo, those lines have corky or wing-like outward growths.

Most of our maples have rather drab flowers, but the Mountain Maple, Acer spicatum, has these "spike-like" yellow candles for flowers. Uncommon in Ohio, look for it in the upper north east portion of the state.

Look in our wetlands for a shrub with these white golf balls this summer. The 'buttons', or green fruit heads will turn brown come fall. This is Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis.

Another exotic that should be removed at all costs is Japanese Honeysuckle, Lonicera japonica. This is a choking and sun blocking vine with yellow and white flowers.

Bush Honeysuckles are invasive shrubs, and Japanese Honeysuckle is an invasive vine. We do have some native honeysuckle vines, one being the Trumpet Honeysuckle, Lonicera sempervirens. Look for long trumpet shaped flowers. To be honest, this picture is actually a hybrid variety used in gardens that looks nearly identical.

Talking about trumpet shaped flowers, one of our largest and showiest is the Trumpet Creeper vine, Campsis radicans. While it does have a habit of spreading rapidly, who can argue with such brilliant flowers, and it's good for hummingbirds too.

Cherries produce their flowers in rounded umbels, or narrow racemes like this on Wild Black Cherry, Prunus serotina. The fruits can be bitter, but are used in jellies and jams.

While the Rose family is well known for Strawberries, Cherry, Apple, Peach, Plum, and other common fruit trees, lesser known is the Thimbleberry, Rubus parviflorus. Being a Rubus, it is a true Raspberry. Where I photographed this, upper Michigan, it is quite abundant, and used as an edible. It is different than it's relatives in that the plant has no thorns (or prickles).

Also not as well known as our common Raspberry, Dewberry, or Blackberry, is this large leaved shrub called Flowering Raspberry, Rubus odoratus. The fruit are flatter, more dome shaped, drier, yet edible. Look for it in the Hocking Hills region.

Another Rose family member is the pink flowering Steeplebush, Spirea tomentosa. Like Meadowsweet and Japanese Spirea, this group of shrubs is commonly used in landscaping. Look for our native Steeplebush in open fields or wet soils.

Blooming throughout the summer, especially in wet ditches, is this plant with large bowl to pancake shaped flower heads, Common Elderberry, Sambucus canadensis.

After the blooms are gone, Elderberry produces these small but very juicy fruits. They can be eaten right off the plant (though they will stain your hands), or used in pies and jams. Elton John sings about this in his song Elderberry Wine.


Contents

The name rose comes from Latin rosa, which was perhaps borrowed from Oscan, from Greek ρόδον rhódon (Aeolic βρόδον wródon), itself borrowed from Old Persian wrd- (wurdi), related to Avestan varəδa, Sogdian ward, Parthian wâr. [1] [2]

The leaves are borne alternately on the stem. In most species they are 5 to 15 centimetres (2.0 to 5.9 in) long, pinnate, with (3–) 5–9 (–13) leaflets and basal stipules the leaflets usually have a serrated margin, and often a few small prickles on the underside of the stem. Most roses are deciduous but a few (particularly from Southeast Asia) are evergreen or nearly so.

The flowers of most species have five petals, with the exception of Rosa sericea, which usually has only four. Each petal is divided into two distinct lobes and is usually white or pink, though in a few species yellow or red. Beneath the petals are five sepals (or in the case of some Rosa sericea, four). These may be long enough to be visible when viewed from above and appear as green points alternating with the rounded petals. There are multiple superior ovaries that develop into achenes. [3] Roses are insect-pollinated in nature.

The aggregate fruit of the rose is a berry-like structure called a rose hip. Many of the domestic cultivars do not produce hips, as the flowers are so tightly petalled that they do not provide access for pollination. The hips of most species are red, but a few (e.g. Rosa pimpinellifolia) have dark purple to black hips. Each hip comprises an outer fleshy layer, the hypanthium, which contains 5–160 "seeds" (technically dry single-seeded fruits called achenes) embedded in a matrix of fine, but stiff, hairs. Rose hips of some species, especially the dog rose (Rosa canina) and rugosa rose (Rosa rugosa), are very rich in vitamin C, among the richest sources of any plant. The hips are eaten by fruit-eating birds such as thrushes and waxwings, which then disperse the seeds in their droppings. Some birds, particularly finches, also eat the seeds.

The sharp growths along a rose stem, though commonly called "thorns", are technically prickles, outgrowths of the epidermis (the outer layer of tissue of the stem), unlike true thorns, which are modified stems. Rose prickles are typically sickle-shaped hooks, which aid the rose in hanging onto other vegetation when growing over it. Some species such as Rosa rugosa and Rosa pimpinellifolia have densely packed straight prickles, probably an adaptation to reduce browsing by animals, but also possibly an adaptation to trap wind-blown sand and so reduce erosion and protect their roots (both of these species grow naturally on coastal sand dunes). Despite the presence of prickles, roses are frequently browsed by deer. A few species of roses have only vestigial prickles that have no points.

Evolution

About 50 million years ago, the first rose in the Americas were found in modern-day Colorado in the United States. [4] Today's garden roses come from 18th-century China. [5] Among the old Chinese garden roses, the Old Blush group is the most primitive, while newer groups are the most diverse. [6]

Species

The genus Rosa is composed of 140-180 species and divided into four subgenera: [7]

  • Hulthemia (formerly Simplicifoliae, meaning "with single leaves") containing two species from southwest Asia, Rosa persica and Rosa berberifolia, which are the only roses without compound leaves or stipules.
  • Hesperrhodos (from the Greek for "western rose") contains Rosa minutifolia and Rosa stellata, from North America.
  • Platyrhodon (from the Greek for "flaky rose", referring to flaky bark) with one species from east Asia, Rosa roxburghii (also known as the chestnut rose).
  • Rosa (the type subgenus, sometimes incorrectly called Eurosa) containing all the other roses. This subgenus is subdivided into 11 sections.
    • Banksianae – white and yellow flowered roses from China.
    • Bracteatae – three species, two from China and one from India.
    • Caninae – pink and white flowered species from Asia, Europe and North Africa.
    • Carolinae – white, pink, and bright pink flowered species all from North America.
    • Chinensis – white, pink, yellow, red and mixed-colour roses from China and Burma.
    • Gallicanae – pink to crimson and striped flowered roses from western Asia and Europe.
    • Gymnocarpae – one species in western North America (Rosa gymnocarpa), others in east Asia.
    • Laevigatae – a single white flowered species from China.
    • Pimpinellifoliae – white, pink, bright yellow, mauve and striped roses from Asia and Europe.
    • Rosa (syn. sect. Cinnamomeae) – white, pink, lilac, mulberry and red roses from everywhere but North Africa.
    • Synstylae – white, pink, and crimson flowered roses from all areas.

    Roses are best known as ornamental plants grown for their flowers in the garden and sometimes indoors. They have been also used for commercial perfumery and commercial cut flower crops. Some are used as landscape plants, for hedging and for other utilitarian purposes such as game cover and slope stabilization.

    Ornamental plants

    The majority of ornamental roses are hybrids that were bred for their flowers. A few, mostly species roses are grown for attractive or scented foliage (such as Rosa glauca and Rosa rubiginosa), ornamental thorns (such as Rosa sericea) or for their showy fruit (such as Rosa moyesii).

    Ornamental roses have been cultivated for millennia, with the earliest known cultivation known to date from at least 500 BC in Mediterranean countries, Persia, and China. [8] It is estimated that 30 to 35 thousand rose hybrids and cultivars have been bred and selected for garden use as flowering plants. [9] Most are double-flowered with many or all of the stamens having morphed into additional petals.

    In the early 19th century the Empress Josephine of France patronized the development of rose breeding at her gardens at Malmaison. As long ago as 1840 a collection numbering over one thousand different cultivars, varieties and species was possible when a rosarium was planted by Loddiges nursery for Abney Park Cemetery, an early Victorian garden cemetery and arboretum in England.

    Cut flowers

    Roses are a popular crop for both domestic and commercial cut flowers. Generally they are harvested and cut when in bud, and held in refrigerated conditions until ready for display at their point of sale.

    In temperate climates, cut roses are often grown in greenhouses, and in warmer countries they may also be grown under cover in order to ensure that the flowers are not damaged by weather and that pest and disease control can be carried out effectively. Significant quantities are grown in some tropical countries, and these are shipped by air to markets across the world. [10]

    Some kind of roses are artificially coloured using dyed water, like rainbow roses.

    Perfume

    Rose perfumes are made from rose oil (also called attar of roses), which is a mixture of volatile essential oils obtained by steam distilling the crushed petals of roses. An associated product is rose water which is used for cooking, cosmetics, medicine and religious practices. The production technique originated in Persia [11] and then spread through Arabia and India, and more recently into eastern Europe. In Bulgaria, Iran and Germany, damask roses (Rosa × damascena 'Trigintipetala') are used. In other parts of the world Rosa × centifolia is commonly used. The oil is transparent pale yellow or yellow-grey in colour. 'Rose Absolute' is solvent-extracted with hexane and produces a darker oil, dark yellow to orange in colour. The weight of oil extracted is about one three-thousandth to one six-thousandth of the weight of the flowers for example, about two thousand flowers are required to produce one gram of oil.

    The main constituents of attar of roses are the fragrant alcohols geraniol and L-citronellol and rose camphor, an odorless solid composed of alkanes, which separates from rose oil. [12] β-Damascenone is also a significant contributor to the scent.

    Food and drink

    Rose hips are occasionally made into jam, jelly, marmalade, and soup or are brewed for tea, primarily for their high vitamin C content. They are also pressed and filtered to make rose hip syrup. Rose hips are also used to produce rose hip seed oil, which is used in skin products and some makeup products. [13]

    Rose water has a very distinctive flavour and is used in Middle Eastern, Persian, and South Asian cuisine—especially in sweets such as Turkish delight, [14] barfi, baklava, halva, gulab jamun, kanafeh, and nougat. Rose petals or flower buds are sometimes used to flavour ordinary tea, or combined with other herbs to make herbal teas. A sweet preserve of rose petals called Gulkand is common in the Indian Subcontinent.

    In France, there is much use of rose syrup, most commonly made from an extract of rose petals. In the Indian subcontinent, Rooh Afza, a concentrated squash made with roses, is popular, as are rose-flavoured frozen desserts such as ice cream and kulfi. [15] [16]

    Rose flowers are used as food, also usually as flavouring or to add their scent to food. [17] Other minor uses include candied rose petals. [18]

    Rose creams (rose-flavoured fondant covered in chocolate, often topped with a crystallised rose petal) are a traditional English confectionery widely available from numerous producers in the UK.

    Under the American Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, [19] there are only certain Rosa species, varieties, and parts are listed as generally recognized as safe (GRAS).

    • Rose absolute: Rosa alba L., Rosa centifolia L., Rosa damascena Mill., Rosa gallica L., and vars. of these spp.
    • Rose (otto of roses, attar of roses): Ditto
    • Rosebuds
    • Rose flowers
    • Rose fruit (hips)
    • Rose leaves: Rosaspp.[20]

    Medicine

    The rose hip, usually from R. canina, is used as a minor source of vitamin C. The fruits of many species have significant levels of vitamins and have been used as a food supplement. Many roses have been used in herbal and folk medicines. Rosa chinensis has long been used in Chinese traditional medicine. This and other species have been used for stomach problems, and are being investigated for controlling cancer growth. [21] In pre-modern medicine, diarrhodon (Gr διάρροδον, "compound of roses", from ῥόδων, "of roses" [22] ) is a name given to various compounds in which red roses are an ingredient.


    Dandelion Taraxacum officinale

    For comprehensive information (e.g. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) please check out our Dandelion PDF magazine.

    Dandelions are often considered a pesky weed in Canada and the U.S. yet European and Asian nations have greatly benefited for years from the incredible nutritional value that this weed contains. They are a rich source of vitamins, minerals and it even has antioxidants. For example, one cup of raw dandelion greens contains 112% of your daily required intake of vitamin A and 535% of vitamin K. The common yellow dandelion has a long list of powerful healing abilities as well as other health benefits. Contrary to popular belief, this is a beneficial plant to have. It’s a great companion plant for gardening because it’s long taproot brings up nutrients to the shallow-rooting plants in the garden adding minerals and nitrogen to the soil. It also attracts pollinating insects such as bees, which helps fruits to ripen.

    Distinguishing Features

    The dandelion is a readily identifiable, hardy, perennial weed. It has a rosette base producing several flowering stems and multiple leaves.

    Flowers

    The common dandelion flowerhead has about 150 to 200 yellow ray florets and no disk florets the ray florets spread outward from the center. At the base of the flowerhead, there are inner and outer bracts that are green. The inner bracts are linear or linear-lanceolate and appressed together to form a cylindrical tube around the ovaries of the flowerhead. The outer bracts are linear-lanceolate and sharply curve downward. Flowers are produced sporadically from early spring to late autumn.

    Leaves

    Dandelions have a toothy, deeply-notched, basal leaves that are hairless. They are 5 to 25 cm or longer and they form a rosette above the central taproot.

    Height

    Depending on several conditions, dandelions can grow as high as 25-30 cm.

    Habitat

    Dandelions are the most common broadleaf weed in most lawns. It is found in virtually every kind of habitat, from openings in deep woods to cultivated fields, from rocky hillsides to fertile gardens and lawns.

    Edible Parts

    Leaves, root, and flower. The leaves can be added to a salad or cooked, and can be dried and stored for the winter (they can also be blanched and frozen). Flowers can be made into juice, or added into many recipes. The root can be made into a coffee substitute, and the root along with the leaves can be dried, stored and made into tea.


    7 plants with true blue flowers

    Consider these plants with true blue flowers if you are looking for an injection of blue petals in your garden.

    Seven true blue flowers:

    7. Evolvulus ‘Blue Daze’

    This low-growing cousin from the morning glory family isn’t a climbing vine, instead it produces a low spreading mound. The flowers are a gorgeous sky blue and open in the morning before closing in the afternoon. They’re the perfect plants for sunny borders as the vibrant blue flowers create an eye-catching contrast against silvery leaves.

    Salvia azurea ‘Blue Sage’ Photo: Shutterstock

    6. Salvia azurea ‘Blue Sage’

    With its vibrant upright spikes and aromatic leaves, blue sage is a wonderful plant to accompany ornamental grasses and perennials. These small blue flowers appear in late summer and contrast beautifully against the silver-grey spikes which form the body of the plant. Blue sage tolerates salt-laden winds and chalky soil well. It’s perfect for growing in coastal gardens where other plants may struggle.

    Delphinium Aurora Blue Photo: Shutterstock

    5. Delphinium ‘Aurora Blue’

    This tall plant boasts spires of vibrant blue, semi-double flowers against basal clumps of rich green foliage. In the centre of each flower is a small white tuft of stamens, also known as a “bee”, which creates a lovely contrast against the vivid blue petals. Butterflies are big fans of these breathtakingly blue flowers. If you’re looking to invite more pollinators into your garden, then delphiniums are a good choice.

    Convulvulus tricolor (Morning Glory) Photo: Shutterstock

    4. Convulvulus tricolor (Morning Glory)

    These annual climbers have vivid blue petals on the outside which fade to white and then yellow in the centre. They unfold in sunny weather to reveal vibrant colours before closing in the evening shade. Morning glory is a wonderful plant to use over a pergola or arch and, as the vine grows quickly, you won’t have to wait long to enjoy the end result. Enjoy the blooms on this attractive vine from early summer until the first frost.

    Centaurea cyanus ‘Bachelor’s Button’ Photo: Shutterstock

    3. Centaurea cyanus (Cornflower)

    These ruffled blue flowers with violet centres are a beautiful addition to cottage gardens. Plant them en masse for a wildflower meadow. Cornflowers are a magnet for bees and butterflies so they’re perfect for injecting life into your garden. As a bonus, the flower petals are edible with a clove-like flavour, perfect for brightening up summer salads.

    Eryngium planum (sea holly) Photo: Shutterstock

    2. Eryngium planum

    This tremendous coastal evergreen perennial will blanket the garden with blue. Blue leaves, blue stems, blue bracts, blue flowers! It grows best in sandy soils that drain well and thrives in a sunny spot. Once established, the plant will tolerate drought conditions and will reach a ultimate height of 90cm. A superb architectural plant, it also adds structure to the winter garden.

    Meconopsis (Himalayan Blue Poppy) Photo: Shutterstock

    1. Meconopsis (Himalayan Blue Poppy)

    While this is a softer colour compared to the other vibrant blue flowers, the Himalayan blue poppy is undeniably enchanting. It creates a spectacular show in late spring and early summer. The rare garden treasure has a reputation for being difficult to grow, but if placed in partial shade and protected from strong winds, it can flourish in your garden.

    If you’d like to find more pretty edible flowers like the cornflower, read our guide to edible flowers here.


    A List of 48 Flowers That Bloom in May With Pin-worthy Pictures

    Browse through this article for a list of flowers that bloom in May, so that you know what to expect in your gardens this time of the year. We've tried to include as many as we could, so excuse any omissions.

    Browse through this article for a list of flowers that bloom in May, so that you know what to expect in your gardens this time of the year. We’ve tried to include as many as we could, so excuse any omissions.

    Flowers are the perfect accessory to any home’s exterior. The best thing you can do to decorate the exterior of your home, is plant some beautiful flowering plants, which will reward you with luxurious blossoms. Come summer and spring, and flowers are in their full splendor. They beckon us with their brightly colored faces. It is the most beautiful time of the year with the vibrant colors and lilting fragrances. If you want to be on the lookout for the kind of flowers that you can find around this time, here’s a list of some of the flowers that are in season in May. Though this may not be a complete list, all efforts have been made to include as many names as possible. So get ready for a visual treat as you lose yourself in the fascinating world of these gorgeous flowers!

    *Click on the images to enlarge

    AGAPANTHUS

    Commonly known as the Lily of the Nile, this native African flower blooms in sets of two rows, in a sunny weather and comes in colors like purple, fading into blue and white.

    AMARYLLIS

    This flower is also known as the belladonna lily, and again, grows in rows of two. It is native to South America and comes in warm shades like red, pink, orange, etc.

    ANEMONE

    The name of this flower means the ‘wind flower’. It comes from a family of over 120 sub species. The colors that you can find anemones in are white, blue, red, violet, etc.

    APPLE BLOSSOM

    Native to the state of Michigan and its state flower, apple blossoms appear in white or pink shades. The scientific name is Pyrus coronaria and they bloom before apples appear.

    BIRD OF PARADISE

    Also called Strelitzia and native to South America, this flower has an exotic appearance as you can see in the picture. Its bright and brilliant colors do complete justice to its name.

    CALLA LILY

    This pretty and simple variety of white lilies is scientifically known as Zantedeschia aethiopic. It is native to Southern Africa. It can be grown in colors like white, red, yellow, orange, etc.

    CASA BLANCA LILY

    Among the varieties of lilies, the Casa Blanca Lily has to be the prettiest. Its pristine petals and innate softness and elegance makes it one of the most adored flowers!

    CHERRY BLOSSOM

    The pretty cherry blossom is a flower native to Japan and is one of the hottest favorites there. People from all over the country flock to watch these trees when in full bloom.

    CLEMATIS

    Clematis flowers are available in different pastel colors and varieties of hybrids. They are best used in gardens due to their refreshing, yet not overwhelming fragrance.

    CORNFLOWER

    Often called the Bluebottle and native to Europe, this flower has its roots in Greek mythology. It has herbal and medicinal properties, which can be used to treat tired eyes.

    DAFFODILS

    Also known as Narcissus, daffodils have such a jolly appearance that they can refresh almost anyone. But they can be poisonous if ingested. So, be careful around them.

    DAHLIA

    The dahlia has been named after Andreas Dahl, who apparently mistook the plant for a vegetable. Today, these flowers are available in almost every color.

    DELPHINIUM

    Delphis means dolphin in Latin, which is what this blue flowers’ buds are shaped like. Beware, the plant, though used in medicine, can be poisonous too.

    DOGWOOD

    These flowers grow in clusters and are generally assumed to have four petals. The petals are the greenish structures inside the bracts that are assumed to be the petals.

    FORSYTHIA

    William Forsythe created the first rock garden in the United Kingdom. These flowers that are native to China are named after him. They are perfect when grown in clusters.

    FREESIA

    These flowers can be grown very easily and are beautifully fragrant. They are used in bouquets and even decorations for arches and other kinds of flower arrangements.

    GARDENIA

    These off white, fragrant flowers are native to the African tropics. They take a little effort to plant and care for, and some time to bloom but are beautiful, so no one minds.

    GLORIOSA LILY

    This flower grows on vines, and delicate though it may seem, can be extremely poisonous if consumed. So, it’s better to enjoy these flowers from a safe distance.

    HEATHER

    These pink, purple red and white flowers are found extensively in Europe, Siberia and North America and are native to Scandinavia, Ireland, Scotland, etc.

    HELLEBORE

    Hellebores are one of the many perennial flowers that look stunning. The colors that these flowers come in are white, pink, purple and, get this, even green!

    HOLLYHOCK

    You’ll find these flowers in pale colors like white and yellows, and also in vibrant colors like maroon and red. They’re perfect to be used as a border fence shrub.

    HYACINTH

    These small flowers also called baby’s breath can be found in colors like salmon, white, yellow, peach, lavender, blue and even pink, red, and orange.

    LILAC

    A field of lilacs, when in full bloom, looks simply breathtaking! These purple colored flowers grow on shrubs that are, on an average, 10 feet tall.

    LISIANTHUS

    Off white, cream, pink, mauve, tan, and blue are colors you can find this flower in. One of the major characteristics of this flower is that it attracts a lot of birds and bees.

    MAGNOLIA

    Dark green foliage and pure white fragrant blossoms complete this garden plant and give it a regal appearance. It is also the state flower of Louisiana.

    ORCHID

    If there’s one flower that can be termed as an exquisite beauty, it is the orchid. This flower looks as good in a bouquet, as it does in a bride’s hairdo, and even on its creeper!

    PANSY

    A pansy is a hybrid of a type of violet and is bred in colors like red, yellow, orange, purple, white, and of course, violet. Not original, yet as gorgeous as any!

    PEACH BLOSSOM

    These flowers have a special place in Vietnamese folklore and their blossoming heralds the arrival of spring there. They are also the state flower of Delaware.

    PEONY

    These flowers are native to Asia and Southern Europe and can range from cream, pink, red, to darker colors like purple and even black (dark purple).

    PHLOX

    These tiny flowers canvass the entire area they grow in. They are fragrant, and because of their bright colors, they attract a lot butterflies, bees and hummingbirds.

    POPPY

    The most common color of poppies are red, orange, and yellow. Often used to denote a deep sleep or death it is also seen as a sign of resurrection in Classical mythology.

    PROTEA

    The King Protea is most popular due to its large size. However, there are other equally gorgeous varieties of this flower, in colors like yellow, red, white, pink, etc.

    PUSSY WILLOW

    When the buds reach the fuzzy white stage, they are frozen. These turn into catkins when allowed to grow fully. They are sold as for decoration during the Chinese New Year.

    RANUNCULUS

    These flowers are known mainly for their layered and smooth-textured petals. The colors they come in include red, yellow, cream, orange, and white.

    RHODODENDRON

    Rhododendrons are in full bloom in May when their beauty is at its peak. The deep green foliage and vividly colored flowers makes for a great sight in a garden.

    One of the most preferred flowers all around the world, the rose is native to Asia, has more than a hundred species, and is available in a diverse range of colors!

    SOLIDAGO

    These wild flowers, native to North America are nicknamed ‘golden rods’. They have flat tops and appear to be shaped like little yellow wands, flitting in the breeze.

    STARGAZER

    When you look at this flower, you can’t help but associate it with an actual star. With its freckles, it is again one of the prettiest lily varieties and is sweetly fragrant too!

    STEPHANOTIS

    Stephanos stands for crown, while otis stands for ear in Greek. This forms the name of this flower that appears to have a head of tiny flowers that resembles a crown.

    STRAWFLOWER

    These flowers are harvested when they are not fully bloomed and then hung upside down to dry. The dried flowers are then used in flower arrangements.

    SUNDROP

    The botanical name of this native American flower is Oenothera. It has a pallid yellow shade, which resembles the sun’s light at dusk. Hence, the name Evening Primrose.

    SWEET PEA

    The original sweet pea flower was sent by a Sicilian monk to England, if history has it right. The flower has been modified in its appearance tremendously since then.

    TRILLIUM

    Trilliums have 3 petals. They are a much protected species, and it is against the law to pluck one of these white flowers from its plant, without State permission.

    TULIPS

    The beauty of tulips lies in their simplicity and the vibrant colors that they come in. They look nice when planted in gardens and fields, or even in a pot on a window sill.

    VIBURNUM

    Since they’re so easy to plant, and are quite hardy, they’re a favorite among gardeners. The colors that these flowers are available in white, pink, red, yellow, blue, etc.

    WEIGELA

    This native East Asian flower usually comes in pink and white or red, and is sometimes also seen in yellow. It is an ornamental shrub and has many hybrid varieties.

    YARROW

    Yarrows are medicinal flowers that have been used by Native Americans since ages. The flowers have long stems and are said to have a ‘million’ petals.

    ZINNIA

    These colorful flowers, when planted in beds, have the tendency to attract butterflies and small birds, which will further enhance the beauty of your garden.

    Apart from the ones mentioned above, Brodea, Cosmos, Delwood, Larkspur, Liatris, Seeded Eucalyptus, Statice, Stock, Wax flower, etc. are also flowers that bloom in May. So, take your pick and decide which pretty ones you want for adorning your garden.


    Red Chokeberry Bush (Aronia)

    Red chokeberries grow on a bushes and have sour taste

    Chokeberries are a species of deciduous shrub that have red or black large berries. Also called Aronia berries, these sour-tasting shrub berries really make your mouth pucker.

    The most common type of chokeberry bush is the black chokeberry. However, the species Aronia arbutifolia is the species of shrub that produces red chokeberries. This shrub grows to between 6.5 and 13 ft. (2 – 4 m) tall and has large leaves. Before the red sour berries appear, beautiful white flowers grace the green foliage. The red fruits are between 0.15” and 0.39” (4 – 10 mm) wide.

    Although you can eat the fruits straight off the bush, they are too sharp and sour for most people to eat raw.

    Chokeberries are a hardy shrub that are perfect if you want edible red fruits in the fall and winter.

    Chokeberries are often confused for another berry-producing shrub called chokecherries (Prunus virginiana). This is also a large bush that has bright red or black berries growing on it. Similar to chokeberries, these “cherry” fruits have a sharp, astringent taste.


    Anemone

    This flower’s name derives from the Greek word for ‘wind’. It’s available in a variety of hues, including hot shades of pink and purple, deep shades of red, and an all-white hue.

    Native to the Eastern Mediterranean and Asia, anemones are now grown across Europe. Asides from traditional anemones, oversized versions are now in existence.

    These are the perfect choice for those who wish to display them in their home in single vases. This particular species is available from September to May.

    If you’re considering which popular flowers to choose, be sure to opt for ones that are in season as they’ll be more readily available.

    Lily Calyx is our in-house flower whisperer, an expert on all things botanical and an enthusiastic orchids collector. She loves discussing the insights of the secret world of flowers, shares her gardening tips and hacks and moons over the latest additions to Serenata Flowers flower range. Ask Lily anything about flowers and we can guarantee she will have the answer.


    Watch the video: Πιστοποιητικά Αγγλικών Cambridge Εσείς, επιλέγετε σωστά; (August 2022).