Simple Distillation (Solid + Liquid)
On heating, only the liquid boils, vaporizes and then condenses away from the solid.
Fractional Distillation (Liquid + Liquid)
Upon heating, the liquids vaporize and then condense as their boiling points are reached.
Fractional Liquefaction (Gas + Gas)
By cooling the mixture, the gases liquefy separately as their boiling points are reached.
Simple Heating (Gas + Liquid)
By heating below the boiling point of the liquid, the dissolved gas is expelled.
Picking (Solid + Solid)
The fragments are picked by hand or tweezers
Ventilation (Solid + Solid)
Separation of the most component leads by airflow.
Levigation (Solid + Solid)
Separation of the most component leads by water stream.
Fractional Dissolution (Solid + Solid)
Separation by means of a liquid that dissolves only one component.
Magnetic Separation (Solid + Solid)
Only one component is attracted to the magnet.
Fractional Fusion (Solid + Solid)
Heat separation of the mixture until melting of the lower melting component.
Fractional Crystallization (Solid + Liquid)
Add a liquid that dissolves all solids. Upon evaporation of the obtained solution, the components crystallize separately.
Sieving or Screening (Solid + Solid)
The components are reduced to grains of different sizes.
Separation of two or more layers due to different densities.
Decantation (Solid + Liquid)
After sedimentation the liquid phase is drained.
Filtration (Solid + Liquid)
Separates the liquid or gas phase from the solid by means of a porous surface.
Centrifugation (Solid + Liquid)
Decanting accelerated by a centrifuge.