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Kingdom of Fungi


Have you ever heard of mold or mold?

They are formed by fungi that, under certain conditions, grow on walls, clothing, shoes, bread, fruits, vegetables.

Do you know what mycoses are?

These are diseases also caused by fungi. Toe chilblains and moniliasis or "thrush" are examples of mycoses that occur in humans. But they also cause disease in other animals and plants, for example, including cultivated species.

What about champignons, which are edible mushrooms much appreciated in certain dishes? Have you tried them?

The area of ​​science that studies fungi is the mycology (from Greek mikes: 'fungus'; logos: 'study').

A lot of people confuse fungus with plants. Science in the past has classified them as well. However, with the study of cell structures, it was found that fungal cells are different from plant cells. The fungus cell has no chlorophyll, so it don't have the ability to do photosynthesis. Yours cells have hard wallsbut which are not formed by cellulose, as with plants. In fungal cells there is chitin, a substance also present in the bark of some animals, such as insects.

With their own characteristics, fungi are classified by science in a specific kingdom.

All these beings known as molds, molds, mushrooms or yeast, belong to the kingdom of fungi. Fungi are living beings without chlorophyll and can be unicellularyeasts, used as yeast in the making of pasta, or multicellularlike mushrooms.

They have free life or not, and are found in the most varied environments, especially in humid places and rich in organic matter.

Multicellular fungi usually have hyphae - Filaments that intertwine forming a network called mycelium.

Hyphae, which form the majority of multicellular fungi, grow and live hidden under the soil, under the bark of the tree trunk, or under organic matter, that is, remains of living things.

In the hat mushroom, the mycelium has in its "hat" many fertile spore-producing hyphae - units related to the reproduction of these fungi.