In details

Trichomoniasis


Trichomoniasis is a type of infection of the vagina and penis. It is a sexually transmitted disease that can be treated and does not cause any serious health problems.

There is a microorganism called Tricomonas vaginalis that causes the infection. Sex partners who do not use condoms can spread the microorganism through secretions.


Optical microscopy of Tricomonas vaginalis.

What are the symptoms?

Many women who are infected with Tricomonas do not develop symptoms. When symptoms arise they are mostly abundant discharge along with a vaginal itching (itching). In other cases the woman may have a fluid discharge with poor color and even some discomfort in urination.
Most men have no symptoms, and when they exist it consists of an irritation at the tip of the penis.

How is the diagnosis made?

The doctor may order a sample of vagina or penis secretion that will be examined under a microscope and will be positive if the examiner sees the forms of Tricomonas. The culture result is available in 2 to 7 days.

Trichomoniasis is treated with metronidazole (Flagyl). If you are likely to be pregnant, tell your doctor as this medicine should not be used during the first trimester of pregnancy.
Your partner should also be treated. You should not have sex until your doctor says you are both healed.

How to proceed during treatment?

Do not drink alcohol during this may cause intense nausea and vomiting due to interaction with the medicine.

What can be done to prevent trichomoniasis?

If you have an active sex life, use a condom (male or female) as this is the only protection against trichomoniasis.