2.1: Faculty Resources Overview - Biology

2.1: Faculty Resources Overview - Biology

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We’ve seen overwhelming demand for high quality, openly-licensed course materials, including supplemental resources to enrich teaching and learning and to make life easier for instructors. To support this need, we’ve developed and curated faculty resources to use with this course.

Free and Open Supplemental Materials

On the following pages, you will find supplemental resources that are freely available to use with the interactive learning materials for this course. Since these resources are openly licensed, you may use them as is or adapt them to your needs.

Additional Faculty Resources

Additional supplemental resources, learning tools, and support services are available to faculty who adopt Waymaker, OHM, or Candela courses with paid support from Lumen Learning. For many courses, these include some combination of summative assessments, answer keys, solutions manuals, or other materials shared only with authorized instructors in order to protect academic integrity.

Click here to learn more about additional instructor tools and resources available to faculty who adopt Lumen-supported courseware. Information about pricing and payment options is available on this page. Lumen’s low-cost support fees replace the cost of expensive textbooks and may be paid by students or by the institution directly.

Continuously Improving Learning Materials

Are you interested in collaborating with us to make these course materials better? We use learning data to identify where content improvements are needed, and then we invite faculty and subject matter experts to work with us developing continuous improvements aimed at increasing learning.

Learn more from this blog post, or sign up here to join our continuous improvement mailing list and stay up to date about upcoming OER hackathons and other continuous improvement activities.

Major in Biology

With a degree in biology you can help make this a better planet. Whether it is restoring dunes to protect Georgia’s beaches, developing plans to prevent the spread of invasive species, protecting the calving grounds of the Right Whale, fighting human diseases, or protecting diamond-back terrapins, getting a degree in biology will help you help the world around you.

The Department of Biology at Georgia Southern University is the largest center for biology research and education in southern Georgia. You’ll learn relevant skills both in the classroom and via hands-on research with faculty mentors who consistently receive awards for their teaching, research and service.

About the Department

Biology is the study of life, its variety and processes. The discipline is dynamic and its intellectual framework is expanding rapidly. In one direction, the study of organisms is the basis for the understanding of how populations of organisms interact among themselves and with their environments. This includes a consideration of the distribution and abundance of organisms, change in organisms over time, energy flow among organisms, and cycling of inorganic and organic resources. In another direction, the study of biological molecules is the basis for understanding cell structure, function and diversity, including metabolism, growth, development, genetics and reproduction in organisms. Visit the Department of Biology website for additional information about the program, faculty interests and more.


The Department of Biological Sciences is housed primarily in the Life Sciences Building that recently was expanded by a major addition, and in Choppin Hall, which also houses the Department of Chemistry. The laboratories are designed for conducting modern research in diverse fields including biochemistry and molecular biology cell, organismal and integrative physiology ecology, systematics, and evolutionary biology plant biology microbiology and molecular genetics. Several large facilities with technical help and state-of-art instrumentation facilitate research at LSU and include laboratories for Functional Genomics (Genomics Facility), NMR analysis and mass spectrometry (Bruker Amazon Speed ETD (NSI and ESI ion Trap system), Bruker UltrafleXtreme (MALDI system), Agilent 6210 (ESI ToF instrument), Varian Saturn 2200 (GC-MS instrument)), and confocal, light and electron microscopy (in the Socolofsky Microscopy Center).

Common instruments and facilities include tissue culture facilities, media preparation facilities, darkrooms, walk-in cold rooms, plant-growth chambers, animal facilities and aquatic facilities. Research support comes from the Louisiana State University Gene Probes and Expression Systems Laboratory, the Protein Facility , and the Macromolecular Computing Analysis Facility. The personnel of the Department of Experimental Statistics are available to help design experiments and analyze data. Center for Advanced Microstructures and Devices (CAMD) provides a unique capacity for structural biology investigations.

The recent addition of a Beowulf cluster provides a computer system that will run at 2.1 TeraFlops, or 2.1 trillion floating-point operations per second. This would rank it among the six or seven fastest computers in the world and second among academic institutions worldwide. An initiative in Biological Computing is a part of this new investment by the State of Louisiana.

Students and faculty also have access to the research collections of the Museum of Natural Science (with more than 350,000 specimens) and the LSU Herbarium (home to many specimens of land plants, lichens, and fungi) as well as many of the research facilities of the Louisiana Agricultural Experiment Station and Louisiana Sea Grant. Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium (LUMCON) provides support for marine/estuarine research and maintains two research vessels for offshore research and numerous smaller boats for inshore sampling. Field research by departmental members is conducted in numerous tropical, subtropical, temperate and high-latitude locations. Biological Sciences faculty collaborate with scientists throughout LSU including the Departments of Animal Science, Chemistry, Plant Pathology and Crop Physiology, Oceanography and Coastal Science, the Pennington Biomedical Research Center, the Audubon Sugar Institute, the Institute for Environmental Studies, Civil and Environmental and Chemical Engineering, and the School of Veterinary Medicine, as well as universities and research centers throughout the nation and world.

2.1: Faculty Resources Overview - Biology

With Algoma U being located in Sault Ste. Marie - a home to a diverse collection of natural systems - there’s no better place for students to explore the biological study of living things.

Are you a college student? Visit the ONTransfer website to view more of our pathway agreements.

Taking the step to studying biology at Algoma U will grant you a pathway into one of the most mysterious disciplines left on the planet. Scientists estimate that there are between five and 40 million species on the earth, yet, scientists have only identified between one and two million species, meaning that there are still as many as 38 million species to be identified! If you have a questing mind, who seeks to invent, or are in search for answers to complicated questions about the human body, biology could be the perfect fit you.

Our campus location is surrounded by a diverse collection of natural systems. Within the city limits, there are large tracts of forests and fields, fast moving rivers, swamps, bogs, and even the shoreline of one of the world’s largest lakes: Lake Superior. Plus, our city is home to various wildlife including bears, cougars, lynx, moose, deer, fox, weasels, and various bird species. Not many cities can boast that kind of habitat diversity, or the biological diversity associated with it. Though this breadth of biology can be intimidating, the family-feel of the program has helped motivate students tremendously.

Our program is designed to teach students how to be scientists. The skills required in science, the careful use of research, experimentation, logic, with an understanding of statistics and parsimony, are those that our students can apply to many aspect of their lives. Our past graduates have pursued a career path

in research, healthcare, education, environmental management and conservation, museums, aquariums, zoos, parks, nature centres, biotechnology, forensic science, politics and policy, economics, business and industry, science writing, communication, and many more. The rest is your to discover!

Student in the biology program have the option to specialize in Health Sciences. The specialization consists of 30 credits from a list that includes courses in Biology, Chemistry, Psychology, Humanities and Social Sciences. The specialization provides all of the courses students need to get into medical school, pharmacy, dentistry, epidemiology, optometry, nursing, physiotherapy, veterinary medicine, graduate school, and more.

Each year, we offer generous benefits in the form of research assistantships or teaching assistantships with tuition credits and a competitive stipend for Ph.D. students. Students also receive funds for travel to conferences and meetings.

*Please note that while we offer a Master's degree in Biological Sciences, we are not actively recruiting for Master's degree candidates at this time


University of South Alabama

Alabama has experienced an increased incidence of tick-borne diseases affecting humans (ADPH 2017). Presently, the only state-wide tick surveillance program is based at the University of South Alabama. Given the size of Alabama, limited resources, and the potential importance of tick-borne diseases in the state, I am asking the public for help. All it takes is to send in any ticks found on a person (or pets) while outside. Sending is easy, just tape (Scotch tape is best) the tick(s) to a piece of paper, put it in a sealed envelope and send it to Dr. John McCreadie at the University of South Alabama (mailing address below). Submitted ticks will be identified to species and this information passed along to the person submitting the specimen. The only information needed is the location and date when the tick was found.

Dr. John McCreadie, Entomologist

Department of Biology, 5871 USA Drive North

University of South Alabama


At all levels of our curriculum, students are engaged in learning about the functions and evolution of diverse biological systems as well as the methods by which biologists study nature. Almost every course has weekly laboratories, taught by full-time faculty members, where students learn to become biologists by making original observations, asking questions about life processes, and designing and performing their own experiments. Scientific communication skills are emphasized in all biology courses, as students read and evaluate research articles in scientific journals, write laboratory reports according to the standards of professional scientific writing, and participate in frequent opportunities for oral presentations and critical discussion.

The curriculum prepares students to pursue careers in research and medicine or to apply their biology interests to careers as diverse as governmental policy planning, science education, public health, museum exhibit design, and writing children's books. Our advanced seminars are centered on current research in eleven different fields that span the biological disciplines. In each seminar, students present and analyze current research papers and perform substantial research projects of their own design. Students regularly present the results of their research to the campus community and at regional and national meetings.

Additional supplemental resources, learning tools, and support services are available to faculty who adopt Waymaker, OHM, or Candela courses with paid support from Lumen Learning. For many courses, these include some combination of summative assessments, answer keys, solutions manuals, or other materials shared only with authorized instructors in order to protect academic integrity.

Click here to learn more about additional instructor tools and resources available to faculty who adopt Lumen-supported courseware. Information about pricing and payment options is available on this page . Lumen’s low-cost support fees replace the cost of expensive textbooks and may be paid by students or by the institution directly.

Undergraduate Program

Our independent research courses allow undergraduates to gain research experience in the laboratories of biological science labs on the River Campus or at the Medical Center for academic credit during the fall and spring semesters.

Students have the ability to take this course for four, three, or two credits. Students in the four-credit course must work a minimum of ten hours per week (on average).

Students taking the course will need to:

Find a Research Mentor

Before registering for the course, students will need to find a faculty mentor who works in their area of interest and will agree to instruct a research course. Once a research mentor is found, students will need to go through the process of registering the course within the first two weeks of the semester.

The research used in these courses must be rooted within the biological sciences and be non-clinical in nature. Although some scientific arguments may be inspired through clinical studies, we expect that the proposed research will yield data from experimentation that involves laboratory and/or computational methods for further analysis.

The research must be conducted under the supervision of a faculty research mentor who is a member of the University’s “teaching faculty”.

Registration Process

Step 1: Develop course description with research mentor

Before filling out any forms, meet with your course instructor and come to an agreement with respect to the following course details:

Course prefix (determined by where the course instructor is housed)Credits

  • Common course prefixes:
    • BIOL: Biology
    • BCH: Biophysics and Biochemistry
    • MBI: Microbiology and Immunology
    • NSCI: Neuroscience
    • PHP: Pharmacology and Physiology
    • PTH: Pathology
    • INTD: Interdepartmental (departments that are affiliated with the University, but that do not offer courses through the College or the School of Medicine and Dentistry)

    Title (28 characters max including spaces)

    Course objectives and learning outcomes (250 characters max)

    Laboratory techniques* (250 characters max)

    Criteria for how you will be graded (250 characters max)

    Exposures to biohazards/note any safety training (250 characters max)

    * Clinical research cannot be registered as a 395 course. Clinical research is typically registered as a 391 course which does not need to go through the UPBM office.  Students should visit the online CCAS Independent Study Form to register a 391 course.

    Step 2: Fill out online UPBM Pre-Registration Form

    Two instructor’s permission codes (IPC) are needed to register biological science independent research (395) courses.  The first IPC is obtained through the faculty member who has agreed to instruct the course.  The second is received through the UPBM online pre-registration.  Submit the information from the course description (see above) and provide three dates and times should a meeting be required to further discuss the project.  The UPBM office will follow-up with the second IPC and further details complete the registration process.  

    Step 3: Fill out and submit the CCAS Independent Study Form

    Once approved, students will need to register the course with the college by filling out the online CCAS Independent Study Form, adding the additional department chair information from the UPBM office, and then click “Submit” at the bottom of the page.

    Deadlines for Spring 2021

    In-person independent studies courses will resume as usual after 02/01/2021 unless directed otherwise by the College.

    Please note that independent studies may need to switch to remote learning should the College need to "pause" in-person activities due to increases in covid cases.

    Faculty planning to instruct research courses must work with their department chair to ensure their laboratories comply with physical distancing guidelines to prevent the spread of the COVID-19 virus.

    Spring 2021 Deadlines for Pre-Registration form submission and course start dates will be as follows:

    • 4-credits: Submit pre-registration form by Friday, 01/29 - start the course during the week of㺂/01
    • 3-credits: Submit pre-registration form by Friday, 02/12 - start the course during the week of 02/15
    • 2-credits: Submit pre-registration form by Friday, 03/05 - start the course during the week of㺃/08

    Students taking fewer then 4-credit hours may elect to start during the week of 2/1 and take fewer contact hours however, please remember to submit paperwork before beginning.

      Courses that start after deadline:   Students who need to start their course after the deadline must have their instructors send an email to explain planned contact hours to justify course credits to the UPBM Directors' care of Marianne Arcoraci [email protected] Contact hours involve academic work and activities completed outside of the lab, including but not limited to literature reviews, lab meetings, presentations, and final reports. 

    Late Paperwork:  Students who miss the deadline for pre-registration form submission will need to have their instructors send an email to the UPBM Directors' to verify the course started before the deadline and has been meeting regularly. Please have instructors send emails to the Directors' care of Marianne Arcoraci at [email protected]

    Final Reports Expectations of 395 and 395w Courses 

    All Biological Science Independent Research Courses (395) students are required to write and submit a final scientific report to the Biology Department by the end of the semester.

    The final report is expected to be a scientific paper that asks and attempts to answer a non-clinical scientific question through the research conducted throughout the semester.

    The formatting, length, and grading of the paper are at the discretion of the supervising faculty.

    Final reports of upper-level writing independent research courses are expected to undergo an additional set of edits and rewrites with their supervising faculty. Ideally, these revisions should be done incrementally throughout the semester for students to benefit from the writing experience.

    Please note that students who plan to use independent research courses to satisfy upper-level writing requirements of UPBM majors will need to get their final report approved by their academic advisor. Students should specifically note their intentions to use the course for writing credit on their pre-registration form or talk with their advisors for further information.

    Students with final reports that do not receive approval for writing credit for the major have a second opportunity to bring the writing up to standard through registering for BIO 396w Research Paper Writing in Biology in a subsequent semester.

    Students must write final reports for independent research courses even when experimentation yields inconclusive results and for research courses registered for less than four credits.

    Students will need to upload a copy of their final reports to Blackboard by the last day of exams. Access to Blackboard is set-up in the last month of the semester. Students unable to gain access should contact the UPBM Office.

    Students who do not submit a final report will be unable to register for additional semesters of independent research.

    Watch the video: Notes for IB Biology Chapter (July 2022).


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